Vitamin A is a unique active ingredient because induce biosynthesis of collagen in the skin and, at the same time, impede the UV-induced synthesis of collagen-reducing enzymes. Therefore, smooth out wrinkles and fine lines in skin aged by both time and sun exposure. Also, may reverse dermatological disorders most likely by interfering with local retinoid functions. Hence, topical vitamin A has been used for clinical treatment of psoriasis, hyperkeratosis, acne, early aging, and photodamage. Vitamin A seems to play a role in the aging process of the skin, since many age-dependent changes may be reversed by topical application. In the dermis, vitamin A may increase synthesis and inhibit degradation of collagen, changes that are associated with improvement of coarse wrinkling. In the epidermis, Vitamin A may cause hyperplasia, compaction of the stratum corneum, thickening of the granular layer, and increased intercellular mucin deposition. These changes are associated with increased smoothness of the skin (VKM, 2012).
-USA Organic Green tea with 98% polyphenols provide strong antioxidant benefits and helps prevent sun damage.
- Excellent as a primer for oily and acneic skin.
- Minimizes the appearance of dark under-eye circles and other discolorations.
- Lessens breakouts and mattifies oily skin
- Minimizes redness.
- Visibly plumps skin, smoothing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles including fine lines around the eyes
1. References from dossier on Vitamin A (Retinol, Retinyl Acetate and Retinyl Palmitate) in
cosmetic products – Cosmetics Europe - October 2011
1. Anderson EH, Bailey JE (2011) Follow up letter regarding the presence of retinyl
palmitate in sunscreens, Personal Care Products Council, 10 May 2011
2. Antille C, Tran C, Sorg O, Carraux P, Didierjean L, Saurat JH (2003) Vitamin A
exerts a photoprotective action in skin by absorbing ultraviolet B radiation, J.
Investigative Dermatology, 121, 1163-1167
3. Bailey JE (2011) Comments on behalf of Personal Care Products Council in response
to the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Board of Scientific Counselors Technical
Report Subcommittee’s review of “NTP Technical Report on the Photococarcinogenesis
Study of Retinoic Acid and Retinyl Palmitate in SKH-1 Mice”(TR568) 20 January 2011
4. Bailly J, Crettaz M, Schifflers MH, Marty HP (1998) In vitro metabolism by human
skin and fibroblasts of retinol, retinal and retinoic acid, Exp. Dermatol., 7 27-34
5. Ballew C, Galuska D, Gillespie C (2001) High serum retinyl esters are not associated
with reduced bone mineral density, in the Third National Health and Nutrition
Examination Survey, 1988-1994, J. Bone Miner. Res., 16, 2306-2312
6. BASF SE (1978) Bericht über die Prüfung auf primäre Reizwirkung von Vitamin A
Acetat, Nr. 6/17 am Auge weißer Kaninchen, BASF SE, Department of Toxicology,
Ludwigshafen, Germany, Substance No. 78/454, unpublished data, 21 August 1978,
7. BASF SE (1979) Bericht über die Prüfung der akuten oralen Toxizität von Vitamin A
Acetat Nr. 6/17 an der Ratte, BASF SE, Department of Toxicology, Ludwigshafen,
Germany, Substance No. 78/454, unpublished data, 23 August 1979, confidential data
8. BASF SE (1982a) Bericht über die akute Hautreiz-/Ätzwirkung an der intakten
Rückenhaut weißer Kaninchen gemäß OECD, BASF SE, Department of Toxicology,
Ludwigshafen, Germany, Substance No. 82/202, unpublished data, 29 December1982, confidential data
9. BASF SE (1982b) Bericht über die akute Hautreiz-/Ätzwirkung an der intaktenRückenhaut weißer Kaninchen gemäß OECD, BASF SE, Department of Toxicology,Ludwigshafen, Germany, Substance No. 82/203, unpublished data, 29 December1982, confidential data
10. BASF SE (1982c) Bericht über die akute Hautreiz-/Ätzwirkung an der intaktenRückenhaut weißer Kaninchen gemäß OECD, BASF SE, Department of Toxicology,Ludwigshafen, Germany, Substance No. 82/204, unpublished data, 29 December1982, confidential data
11. BASF SE (1982d) Bericht über die akute Hautreiz-/Ätzwirkung an der intaktenRückenhaut weißer Kaninchen gemäß OECD, BASF SE, Department of Toxicology,Ludwigshafen, Germany, Substance No. 82/205, unpublished data, 29 December1982, confidential data
12. BASF SE (1984a) Bericht über die Prüfung der Toxizität von Vitamin A AcetatTrockenpulver an Ratten bei 3 monatiger Gabe über das Futter, Substanz Nr. 79/581,Department of Toxicology, BASF SE, Ludwigshafen, Germany, unpublished data, 06February 1984, confidential data
13. BASF SE (1984b) Bericht über die Prüfung der Toxizität von Vitamin A AcetatTrockenpulver an Ratten bei 3monatiger Gabe über das Futter, Substanz Nr. 79/582,BASFSE, Department of Toxicology, Ludwigshafen, Germany, unpublished data, 06February 1984, confidential data
14. BASF SE (2000a) Retinol 50 C – Buehler Test, Laboratory Identification No.32H0097/992038, BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, Ludwigshafen,Germany, unpublished data, 14 August 2000, confidential data
15. BASF SE (2000b) Salmonella typhimurium/Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay(standard plate test and preincubation test) with Retinol 50 C, BASF SE, ProductSafety Regulations, Toxicology and Ecology, Project No. 40M0097/994030,unpublished data, 11 May 2000, confidential data
16. BASF SE (2001) Retinol 50 C – Open Epicutaneous test in Guinea pigs, LaboratoryIdentification No. 31H0097/992149, BASF SE, Experimental Toxicology and Ecology,Ludwigshafen, Germany, unpublished data, 19 January 2001, confidential data
GreenTea Serum+ Vitamin A and Hyaluronic Acid
Deionized water, 1,3 propanediol, squalane, caprylic capric triglyceride, c13-15 alkane, tocopheryl acetate, hydroxyethylcellulose, sodium acrylate/sodium acryloyldimethyl taurate copolymer (and) c15-19 alkane (and) polyglyceryl-6 laurate (and) polyglycerin-6, ethylhexylglycerin, caprylyl glycol, phenoxyethanol, sodium gluconate, sorbic acid.
- Green Tea Extract: Research has established that topical application of green tea leaves or extracts have many benefits for skin, including anti-aging properties. The polyphenols in green tea possess potent antioxidant and skin-soothing properties, and show significant promise for improving the appearance of sun-damaged skin.Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is one of the active constituents of green tea believed to be responsible for its many health and appearance benefits, both orally and topically.If you’re looking for green tea in your personal care products it may be listed by its Latin name, cameillia sinesis. It is a gentle antioxidant that is among the most well researched and impressive in terms of its many benefits; however, it’s not the best or the only antioxidants to look for, so stick with products that contain several antioxidants.
- Hyaluronic Acid ULMW: Visibly plumps skin, smoothing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles—including fine lines around the eyes. Can be used alone or add a few drops to your favorite moisturizer or serum to see even better results. From first use, you’ll see noticeably smoother, more hydrated, younger-looking skin.
- Retinol Palmitate: Combination of retinol (pure vitamin A) and the fatty acid palmitic acid. Research has shown it to be an effective antioxidant when applied to skin. You may be surprised to learn that retinyl palmitate is found naturally in our skin, where it works as an antioxidant, particularly in regard to helping protect skin from UV light exposure—though it does not replace the need for sunscreen. The safety of retinyl palmitate is supported by several accredited organizations and their opinions are widely available online.
This product contains retinol/retinyl esters with >10,000 IU, and follows OEHHA Prop 65 and European Commission for Health and Food Safety recommended value
- Vitamin A: Antioxidant, Has potent rejuvenating properties. Can improve the appearance of aged and blemished skin. Ideal for advanced treatment of pre-conditioned skin
- Green Tea Extract: Antioxidant Potent antioxidant agent due to polyphenols & methylxanthines. Often used in anti-aging formulas to reinforce anti-aging effects of other ingredients. Useful against irritated skin
- Hyaluronic Acid: Visibly plumps skin, smoothing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles